2 Companies Testing Drugs for HCM

Two San Francisco based companies are now conducting clinical trials for three drugs specifically targeting HCM.

MyoKardia, which was founded in 2012 by a group of HCM researchers (including Stanford’s James Spudich, one of the founders of Cytokinetics – the second company conducting a HCM drug trial – see below), was the first entrant into the HCM area with the development of its drug, mavacamten (formerly known as MYK-461).

Mavacamten is currently the subject of the Phase 3 EXPLORER-HCM clinical trial for obstructive HCM, now fully enrolled with results expected in 2020, as well as the Phase 2 MAVERICK-HCM trial for non-obstructive HCM, with results are expected later this year.

And, MyoKardia announced this week that it is will begin testing a second drug for HCM.  The new drug, currently known as MYK-224, is the subject of a new Phase 1 clinical trial.  This drug targets the sarcomeric proteins of the heart muscle like MyoKardia’s first drug, mavacamten. According to the press release, MYK-224 may provide dosing advantages for some patients over other drugs.

Cytokinetics, a company founded in 1998 which was previously focused on other muscle related conditions like ALS, has decided to set its sights on HCM.  Cytokinetics is currently conducting a Phase 1 clinical trial assessing the safety and tolerability of its drug CK-274, a cardiac myosin inhibitor intended to reduce cardiac contractility.

At a recent cardiology meeting in Boston, Cytokinetics presented data showing that CK-274 decreased cardiac contractility in healthy animals.

Stay tuned to HCMBeat for the latest details and updates about these drugs.

UPDATE:  Data Presented at August 31, 2019 European Society of Cardiology Congress in Paris

At ESC, MyoKardia announced results from the PIONEER-Open Label Extension study from 12 patients who had been enrolled in the Phase 2 PIONEER-HCM study of mavacamten. These patients were evaluated after a total of 36 weeks on the drug.  The study results showed reduction in both resting and provoked left ventricular outflow tract gradients, while left ventricular ejection fraction remained normal at all times.  Further, certain biomarkers of heart disease showed improvement with mavacamten treatment.  Most strikingly, NT-proBNP, a blood indicator of cardiac wall stress, decreased almost to normal.   

DISCLOSURES:  HCMBEAT HAS RECEIVED PAST UNRESTRICTED EDUCATIONAL GRANTS FROM MYOKARDIA.  ADDITIONALLY, CYNTHIA BURSTEIN WALDMAN OF HCMBEAT SERVES AS A PATIENT ADVISOR ON THE STEERING COMMITTEE FOR MYOKARDIA’S EXPLORER TRIAL.

MyoKardia Drug Moves to Next Phase

According to this press release, MyoKardia expects to dose the first patient in the EXPLORER-HCM trial of mavacamten (formerly known as MYK-461) for obstructive HCM in the second quarter of 2018.

MyoKardia says that it expects 220 patients to enroll in the 30 week long trial.  These patients will be randomly assigned to receive either mavacamten or a placebo.  Participants will also be able to continue on their normal beta blockers or calcium channel blockers.

 

Encouraging Results for MyoKardia HCM Drug

MyoKardia’s stock prices jumped today after their recent Stage II trial of the experimental drug mavacamten (formally known as MYK-461)  demonstrated a statistically significant reduction to left ventricular outflow tract gradients as well as improvement to aerobic capacity in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.  

Of the 10 patients who completed the study, 8 saw their gradient reduced to normal levels after 12 weeks on the drug.  The study also showed improvements in both peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2) and New York Heart Association classifications:  7 patients moved up one NYHA class while 2 patients improved by two classes.

The drug seemed to have mild to moderate side effects, though one patient was forced to drop out of the trial due to a recurrence of atrial fibrillation which necessitated discontinuation of mavacamten and a return to anti-arrythmic drugs which had been discontinued due to participation in the trial.

MyoKardia hopes to enroll between 200 and 250 patients in its next phase trial (Explorer HCM) which it plans to begin before the end of 2017.

MyoKardia also plans a clinical trial of mavacamten in non-obstructive HCM patients in the second half of 2017.

For more information on MyoKardia and  recent drugs being developed for HCM read these past blog entries:

MyoKardia HCM Drug Has Success in Cats

End of the Road for Eleclazine and Liberty HCM Study

HCM Drug Trial Advances to Next Round

Drug for Non-Obstructive HCM Moves Along